|The Rose has always been the best-loved of all garden flowers and remains so today; from the Modern Hybrid Teas, Grandifloras & Floribundas, with their perfect flowers & fragrance, to the Climbing Roses, which are pleasing over arbors and trellises. These roses may be the best known, but are also notorious for requiring the most care. For those who don’t have time for all the fuss, today’s Hardy Shrub Roses are the answer for you! One cannot say enough about it’s maintenance free lifestyle and non-stop show of color. They are tough, disease resistant, repeat flower, and fragrant. Shrub Roses are perfect for our area and widely used in the landscape.
Roses, in general, need at least 6 hours of sunlight a day, good air circulation and fertile soil. Following is more about the planting and care of different type of roses.
Hardy Shrub Roses
This increasingly popular group of roses are noted for their hardiness and minimal care. Shrub roses are grown on their own rootstock, which makes them very low maintenance and easy to grow. They are also very adaptable and tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions. The ‘Knock Out’ & ‘Meidiland’ series have excellent flowering characteristics and attractive, glossy green foliage. They make excellent ground covers or low hedges. Prune annually in spring to promote more blooms and to maintain shape. The following are varieties of hardy shrub roses.
This rose species has long, flexible canes that can be trained or tied to arbors, trellises, walls and fences. They take up minimal space and bloom all summer long. Most varieties bloom on second year wood so annual pruning is not recommended. Canes need winter protection by laying them on the ground, wrapping with burlap and covering with a layer of mulch.
|Hybrid Rose Fertilizing / Pest Prevention
- Hybrid roses require a regular feeding and spraying schedule.
- Insect prevention can begin in April with dormant spray oil, followed by regular doses of multipurpose insecticide as per label.
- Roses are heavy feeders, April-August fertilize every 4-6 weeks with a high phosphate rose fertilizer. In September, feed your rose with superphosphate for fall root development.
- An easy way to accomplish insect control, fertilization & disease control April-August is to use All-In-One Rose & Flower Care.
|Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora and Floribunda Roses
Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora, and Floribunda are the most popular roses. Large fragrant flowers bloom on single stems or in clusters. These roses are usually sold in early spring as bare root or container grown plants. Hybrid Roses are grafted root stock plants that require extra care with regular feeding, pruning and spraying for pests and diseases. Winter protection is required in our area.
Hybrid Rose Winterizing
Hybrid roses need winter protection. Do not do this too early; the weather may warm and promote new growth. Usually in early November, mound soil or mulch 6-8” deep around the plant’s base, covering the graft union. Prune back canes to about 18”. A protective cage filled with leaves or straw can also be added for extra protection.
|General Rose Planting / Watering / Mulching
- When planting your rose, combine EKO Compost with the backfill soil to the planting hole. This will enrich your soil and help avoid compaction.
- Soak the rootball w/Miracle-Gro Quick Start. This will ease transplant shock and stimulate root growth.
- Water thoroughly at planting time and check regularly throughout the growing season. Roses need at least 1” of water per week. When you water, be sure to water only the base of the plant and not the foliage.
- Mulching is very useful for growing healthy roses. A 2-3 inch layer of Shredded Bark Mulch aids in water retention & keeps the roots cool during hot, dry weather.